Fort Frederick State Park, Big Pool

#23 of 64 in Nature in Maryland
Fort Frederick State Park is a Maryland state park surrounding the restored Fort Frederick, a star fort active in the French and Indian War (1754–1763) and the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783). The park is south of the town of Big Pool on the Potomac River; the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal runs through the park grounds. The site was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1973.
French and Indian WarFort Frederick was built in 1756-57 by the colony of Maryland. During the French and Indian War in 1756, a £6000 appropriation was authorized by the Maryland Legislature at the request of Governor Horatio Sharpe to build a fortification on the frontier. The fort, named after Frederick Calvert, 6th Baron Baltimore, was completed the following year. "The fort's design, which was developed by Sebastian Vauban, a French engineer, is a large square with four diamond-shaped bastions. This is typical of 18th century fortifications. The fort is built of native sandstone."
The large stone fort was designed primarily as a place of refuge for area settlers. Between 1757 and 1758, small raids by Indians in nearby settlements caused settlers in the surrounding countryside to flee eastward. At the same time men of the 60th Regiment of Foot and local militia soldiers garrisoned the fort. Ranging parties were sent from the fort to patrol the area and to deter if not prevent Indian raids.
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Fort Frederick State Park Reviews
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TripAdvisor Traveler Rating 4.5
89 reviews
  • Ft. Frederick State Park in Big Pool, MD (off of Rt. 70 near Hagerstown) is a UNIQUE experience, visiting an old Star-shaped fortress that is from back in the days of the French & Indian Wars...WoW! Y...  more »
  • Our family stopped at Fort Frederick to stretch our legs during our road trip. It’s only a mile off the highway, so easy access. I expected to tour an empty fort, but it was staffed with friendly and ...  more »
  • Fabulous interpretation! The reenactors in the fort were amazing in their knowledge of events and the time period and were very engaging with visitors. There were musket demonstrations, drills, canon firing, it was fantastic. We stayed for several hours and enjoyed ourselves immensely! Definitely will go back!
  • Awesome place to tour for those who love history. Be prepared for some walking though. Fort Frederick Days is a good time to visit. You can do the historic tour and then go shopping for artsy stuff and maybe even meet a local author (at least I did at the last Fort Frederick Days).

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