The Boston Massacre, known as the Incident on King Street by the British, was an incident on March 5, 1770, in which British Army soldiers shot and killed people while under attack by a mob. The incident was heavily publicized by leading Patriots, such as Paul Revere and Samuel Adams, to encourage rebellion against the British authorities. British troops had been stationed in Boston, capital of the Province of Massachusetts Bay, since 1768 in order to protect and support crown-appointed colonial officials attempting to enforce unpopular Parliamentary legislation. Amid ongoing tense relations between the population and the soldiers, a mob formed around a British sentry, who was subjected to verbal abuse and harassment. He was eventually supported by eight additional soldiers, who were subjected to verbal threats and repeatedly hit by clubs, stones and snowballs. They fired into the crowd, without orders, instantly killing three people and wounding others. Two more people died later of wounds sustained in the incident.Choose to start, finish, or center your holiday on a trip to Boston Massacre Site by using our Boston trip itinerary planning site.
The crowd eventually dispersed after Acting Governor Thomas Hutchinson promised an inquiry, but reformed the next day, prompting the withdrawal of the troops to Castle Island. Eight soldiers, one officer, and four civilians were arrested and charged with murder. Defended by lawyer and future American president John Adams, six of the soldiers were acquitted, while the other two were convicted of manslaughter and given reduced sentences. The men found guilty of manslaughter were sentenced to branding on their hand. Depictions, reports, and propaganda about the event, notably the colored engraving produced by Paul Revere (shown at top-right), further heightened tensions throughout the Thirteen Colonies.
Boston Massacre Site Reviews
My husband and I nearly missed it because the exit of the subway is right under the Old State House, which is right in front of where the massacre happened. We came out of the subway trying to orient.... more »
Stopped here whilst doing the Freedom Trail and took some photos but it is obviously a popular place because of the history. more »
Thought it was neat being there, but had to come home to read more about it n listen on YouTube to a video about it. It's just a circular brick area near the old state house (beautiful old building) in the middle of all those skyscrapers. Samuel Adam's statue is also near by. It's like you have top hunt for everything except that beautiful old building. The circular spot is to the right of the old building, but Paul Revere's picture is from in front. Guess you shouldn't put such in the street for cars to run over.
Worth seeing for it's historic significance. I was amazed that it was surrounded by modern Boston. This is not in some historic park or preserve but right in the midst of modern, commercial Boston. Take the Olde Town Trolley tour, and it will let you get off across the street from this site. I understand that the Declaration of Independence was first read in public here as well.
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