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Carthage Jail, Carthage

Carthage Jail is a historic building in Carthage, Illinois, listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP). It was built in 1839 and is best known as the location of the 1844 killing of Joseph Smith, founder of the Latter Day Saint movement, and his brother Hyrum, by a mob of approximately 150 men. It was added to the NRHP in 1973 and is operated by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) as a historic site with an adjacent visitors' center.HistoryThe jail was built in 1839, constructed of red limestone quarried nearby. The building is rectangular and measures by. It is a gable-front building has two stories and an attic. Like other county jails built during the same period, Carthage Jail was built to incarcerate petty thieves and debtors and as a temporary holding place for violent criminals. The first floor contained a debtor's room in the northwest corner, and a dungeon, or "criminal cell", was located on the north side of the second floor. The living area for the jailer's family included a kitchen and dining room on the first floor and a bedroom on the second floor. A small "summer kitchen" was added later.In June 1844, Smith came to the jail to face charges relating to his ordering the destruction of facilities producing the Nauvoo Expositor, a newspaper whose only edition had been critical of the Smiths' religious teachings. He was joined by his brother, Hyrum, and fellow Latter Day Saints John Taylor and Willard Richards. On June 27, a mob stormed the upper room of the prison and killed the Smiths. Taylor was badly wounded and Richards was scathed, but not seriously injured.
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39 reviews
  • Carthage Jail is a historic building in Carthage, Illinois. Built in 1839, it is best known as the location of the 1844 killing of Prophet Joseph Smith, founder of the Church of Jesus Christ of of Lat...  more »
  • free tour! and learn real history would of like to see Jesus there but i guess he hangs in Navoo?just kidding he was there  more »
  • Very interesting look back in history. The guides are knowledgeable and the building is old and authentic. (Still has the original door with the bullet holes!) There is a peaceful spirit about the rooms. Great experience, insightful and humbling.
  • I loved the tour and seeing the jail and everything. Including the things I learned while I was there. It was fun and interesting.

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