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Tuzigoot National Monument, Clarkdale

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Ruin · Tourist Spot
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Tuzigoot National Monument (Yavapai: ʼHaktlakva, Western Apache: Tú Digiz) preserves a 2- to 3-story pueblo ruin on the summit of a limestone and sandstone ridge just east of Clarkdale, Arizona, 120 feet (36 m) above the Verde River floodplain. The Tuzigoot Site is an elongated complex of stone masonry rooms that were built along the spine of a natural outcrop in the Verde Valley. The central rooms stand higher than the others and they appear to have served public functions. The pueblo has 110 rooms. The National Park Service currently administers 58 acres (23 ha), within an authorized boundary of 834 acres (338 ha).
″Tú Digiz/Tuzigoot″ is a Tonto Apache term for "crooked waters," from nearby Pecks Lake, a cutoff meander of the Verde River; from Tú Digiz one principal Tonto Apache clan gets its name. The pueblo was built by the Sinagua people between 1125 and 1400 CE. Tuzigoot is the largest and best preserved of the many Sinagua pueblo ruins in the Verde Valley. The ruins at Tuzigoot incorporate very few doors; instead, the inhabitants used ladders accessed by trapdoor type openings in the roofs to enter each room.

The monument is on land once owned by United Verde/Phelps Dodge. The corporation sold the site to Yavapai County for $1 so that the excavation could be completed under the auspices of federal relief projects. The county in turn transferred the land to the federal government.
Tuzigoot was excavated from 1933 to 1935 by Louis Caywood and Edward Spicer of the University of Arizona, with funding from the federal Civil Works Administration and Works Project Administration. In 1935–1936, with additional federal funding, the ruins were prepared for public display, and a Pueblo Revival-style museum and visitor center was constructed.
Franklin D. Roosevelt designated Tuzigoot Ruins as a U.S. National Monument on July 25, 1939. The Tuzigoot National Monument Archeological District was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on October 15, 1966.
The ruins are surrounded by the tailings pond of the former United Verde copper mine at Jerome. The tailings have recently been stabilized and revegetated.
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  • This National Monument is the only fully excavated ancient ruin in Arizona. The work was done in the 1930s and it is very interesting to see how the original residents construct their villages. 
    This National Monument is the only fully excavated ancient ruin in Arizona. The work was done in the 1930s and it is very interesting to see how the original residents construct their villages.  more »
  • Tuzigoot is a well preserved ruins of the Native American people. They allow people to take an approximate 1 mile hike around the ruins, and even walk through one of the rooms. This allows people to see how they native Americans used to build their rooms and how thick the ceilings are. They have also marked some of the areas so you know what it is. The trails are clean, there are several picnic areas, and the museum is superb, well done and very clean. Their store is well stocked for its location, and the staff are extremely nice. I would definitely recommend a visit here if you would like to see a little of our heritage.
  • Awesome reconstruction of the original pueblo. This National Monument is very cool because you actually get to walk through one of the reconstructed buildings. Not so much a trail as a nice stroll with fantastic views of the surrounding valley. The whole area is paved but some place are quite steep and may be difficult for some to navigate. Definitely worth the stop!

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