Welcome to the Columbus Museum's Facebook Page! While nineteen states have a place named Columbus, this village in southern New Mexico occupies a significant and unique place in history.See Columbus Depot Museum and all Columbus has to offer by arranging your trip with our Columbus trip maker site.
Many visitors might define Columbus history by Pancho Villa's attack on the town on March 9, 1916. The event shocked the United States; Villa's men intentionally targeted civilians as well as military in both the town and the surrounding ranches.
In retaliation for the Battle of Columbus, United States General "Black Jack" Pershing led the Mexican Punitive Expedition. Here, Pershing innovated new military uses for airplanes and trucks - a new, efficient way to move an army and its supplies. Not long after his time in Columbus, Pershing would command allied troops in a new and sometimes terrifying age of military technology: World War I.
But Columbus is more than Pancho Villa and Black Jack Pershing. The El Paso and Southwestern Railroad operated in town for decades. The line transported passengers and troops, but mining freight was its most profitable duty.
Like many companies after 1929, the El Paso & Southwestern suffered and began a slow decline that ended in 1961. Copper prices and thus copper mining collapsed after World War I. Competitor Southern Pacific acquired EP&SW and the line through Columbus was discontinued. New Mexico State Highway 9 follows the old route.
The village's population already dwindled when the mining industry collapsed and the Great Depression hit, and the railroad's exit reinforced the trend. Some nearby places, like Tomerlin to the west, did not survive the end of the rail and have become ghost towns.
Why did Columbus survive? Why has it rebounded? Maybe it's because the community preserves and celebrates its complex history: The Columbus Depot Building, which houses the Museum, is on the National Register of Historic Places. Perhaps it's the way Columbus residents look at the past and the community with many different views, but similar passions.
Come on down to the Columbus Museum. Find out for yourself why we can't be derailed.
Columbus Depot Museum reviews
I have been wanting to visit Columbus, NM for years to see first hand the location where Pancho Villa raided the United States in March of 1916. This little museum - an old train depot amazed me... more »
Plan your trip to Columbus
Get a personalized tripA complete day by day itinerary
based on your preferences
Customize itRefine your trip. We'll find the
best routes and schedules
Manage itEverything in one place.
Everyone on the same page.
Popular things to do in Columbus
Trips to Columbus Depot Museum by other users
25 days in Silver City BY A USER FROM UNITED STATES Catwalk Trail Gila National Forest Big Ditch Park 15 days in El Paso BY A USER FROM UNITED STATES Concordia Cemetery El Paso Zoo Magoffin Home State Historic Site 50 days in New Mexico BY A USER FROM UNITED STATES Socorro Deming Cloudcroft 40 days in Glacier National Park & El Paso BY A USER FROM CANADA Glacier National Park El Paso 23 days in Silver City BY A USER FROM UNITED STATES Faywood Hot Springs City of Rocks State Park Silver City Museum 51 days in Silver City BY A USER FROM UNITED STATES Luna Rossa Winery Deming Luna Mimbres Museum Fort Bayard National Historic Landmark