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Dixon is an unincorporated community located in Rio Arriba County in the U.S. state of New Mexico, on NM Highway 75, just east of NM Highway 68 in the north-central part of the state, at Latitude 36.20 & Longitude -105.89. The elevation of Dixon is 6028 feet (1837 meters) above sea level. It is on the banks of the Embudo River, a tributary of the Rio Grande, which it flows into two miles (3.2 km) downstream from Dixon. According to the 2010 Census the population is 926, with 70% of residents identifying as Hispanic. Many non-Hispanics have made their homes here since the mid-1960s.The town is home to the largest population of organic farmers in the state, and is about 20 miles (30 km) southwest of Taos. Its zip code is 87527.HistoryThe area was inhabited by Tiwa peoples from nearby Picuris Pueblo, then settled by Spanish colonists under the 1725 Embudo Land Grant. The original name was El Puerto del Embudo de Nuestro Señor San Antonio and the grant was made in 1725, to Francisco Martin, Lazaro Cordova and Juan Marquez. The acequias (irrigation canals) were the first public work project of any land grant, so they were started immediately after settlement, on Sept. 20, 1725 and there are 10 Historic Acequias with senior water rights on the Embudo River and one with junior water rights. On the Rio Grande there are two with senior rights and two with junior water rights.The aldea was known as San Antonio del Embudo until around 1900 when a post office was established and the name was changed to Dixon, reputedly to honor Collins Dixon, a school teacher who taught here in the late 19th century; one tradition has him being a Civil War army deserter; his descendents live around nearby Española.Dixon is in New Mexico. Our United States online sightseeing planner combines visitor reviews with your personal interests to make an itinerary informed by experts, but tailored to suit your style.
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