Alibates Flint Quarries National Monument, Fritch

#239 of 769 in Parks in Texas
Must see · Park · Nature / Park
Alibates Flint Quarries National Monument is a U.S. national monument in the state of Texas. For thousands of years, people came to the red bluffs above the Canadian River for flint, vital to their existence. Demand for the high-quality, rainbow-hued flint is reflected in the distribution of Alibates flint through the Great Plains and beyond. Indians of the Ice Age Clovis culture used Alibates flint for spear points to hunt the imperial mammoth before the Great Lakes were formed. The flint usually lies just below the surface at ridge level in a layer up to 6 ft thick. The quarry pits were not very large, between 5 and 25 ft wide and 4 to 7 ft deep. Many of these quarries were exploited by the Antelope Creek people of the Panhandle culture between 1200 and 1450 AD. The stone-slabbed, multiroom houses built by the Antelope Creek people have long been of interest to the public and studied by archaeologists. Today, this area is protected by the U.S. National Park Service and can only be viewed by ranger-led guided tours, which must be reserved in advance.

Alibates Flint Quarries was the only national monument in the state of Texas until the Military Working Dog Teams National Monument was created in 2013, and is adjacent to and managed together with Lake Meredith National Recreation Area.

The monument was authorized as Alibates Flint Quarries and Texas Panhandle Pueblo Culture National Monument on August 31, 1965, but the designation was shortened to the current name on November 10, 1978.
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Alibates Flint Quarries National Monument reviews

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TripAdvisor traveler rating 4.5
70 reviews
  • Very nice place to learn about the history of rock tool making in the past in this area. There is a good 10 minute film about this area and a small museum. The Park Ranger was friendly and...  more »
  • As national parks go, this one is, well, less significant and inspirational than most. However, the NPS does the best it can with a rather weak hand. The resource here is a few scattered areas of...  more »
  • Had a great tour given by Ron who is an awesome ranger who knows all there is to know about the history of the site. Definitely worth a stop if your in the area to see a site where native Americans collected flint.
  • I got lucky. I showed up and was taken on a tour within 5mins of being there. The tour was free and very informative. A good, little place to see and learn about the history before America.

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