Harmony Borax Works, Furnace Creek

3.9
#1 of 7 in Historic Sites in Death Valley National Park
The Harmony Borax Works is located in Death Valley at Furnace Creek Springs, then called Greenland. It is now located within Death Valley National Park in Inyo County, California. It is on the National Register of Historic Places.
After discovery of Borax deposits here by Aaron and Rosie Winters in 1881, business associates William Tell Coleman and Francis Marion Smith subsequently obtained claims to these deposits, opening the way for "large-scale" borax mining in Death Valley. The Harmony operation became famous through the use, from 1883 to 1889, of large Twenty-mule teams and double wagons which hauled borax the long overland route to the closest railroad in Mojave, California.
During the summer months, when it was too hot to crystallize borax in Death Valley, a smaller borax mining operation shifted to his Amargosa Borax Plant in Amargosa, near the present community of Tecopa, California. The Harmony Works remained under Coleman's operation until 1888, when his business collapsed.
William Coleman's original holdings in the works were subsequently acquired by Frank M. "Borax" Smith in 1890, to become the Pacific Coast Borax Company with the 20 Mule Team Borax brand. Activity at Harmony Borax Works ceased with the development of the richer Colemanite borax deposits at Borate in the Calico Mountains, where they continued until 1907.
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Harmony Borax Works Reviews
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TripAdvisor Traveler Rating 4.0
366 reviews
Google
4.3
TripAdvisor
  • We had a tin of Boraxo, the Hand Soap, in the bathroom medicine chest when I was growing up....now I know where it came from! The Harmony Borax Works was a very informational stop during our Death Val...  more »
  • As this place is just a couple of minutes north of Furnace Creek, it made sense to check it out immediately. Nice big parking area, easy trails, not busy, one road was closed to vehicles but I just wa...  more »
Google
  • You should stop by here if you're passing through the furnace Creek springs. One of the nicest thing to see. It is hard to miss. There is a large dirt parking lot available. It is located next to the campgrounds and the visitor center so it shouldn’t take much time out of your trip. There is small trail loop covering all the displays.
  • Cool historic spot that I had no idea about despite using 20-mule-trail Borax my entire life. Excellent job preserving the site. Does not take long to walk the historical trail.

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