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Fort Assinniboine, Havre

#686 of 751 in Things to do in Montana
Military Facility · Hidden Gem · Landmark
Fort Assinniboine was a United States Army fort located in present-day north central Montana (historically within the military Department of Dakota). It was built in 1879 and operated by the Army through 1911. The 10th Cavalry Buffalo Soldiers, made up of African-American soldiers, were among the units making up the garrison at the fort. Determining that this fort was no longer needed after the end of the Indian Wars, the US Army closed and abandoned it.

In 1916 Congress authorized a reservation for the Rocky Boy's Band of Chippewa, who were landless. It became known as Rocky Boy's Indian Reservation, named after the chief who had sought the reservation. A portion of the fort was ceded in 1916 for use as a reservation; the land extended in both Hill and Chouteau counties. This was intended for landless Chippewa who had been pushed west out of their traditional territory. In the event, landless Cree and Metis, refugees from Canada, also settled at the reservation.
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TripAdvisor traveler rating 4.5
8 reviews
  • When we arrived we had to go in the library to pay for the guide. The guide was really good in that. Two people came to visit as well. However, 10 minutes later they left. Most of the buildings...  more »
  • The guide, in a labor of love, has synthesized and organized a great deal of information. We were his last tour of the day and invited him to give us the “quick and dirty” version. He said he didn’t.....  more »
  • Built in 1879 for the army as a defense post in their Indian Wars. At their conclusion by 1916, the fort was abandoned by the army and some of the fort was ceded to Chippewa natives. A tour guide is available during the summer season (June 1 through September 1), Monday through Friday 9AM to 5PM, Saturday and Sunday at noon and 5PM. Tours can also be arranged by appointment.
  • The history of America, sad but true

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