Fort Holmes, Mackinac Island

4.5
#2 of 6 in Historic Sites in Mackinac Island
Fort Holmes is a fortified earthen redoubt located on the highest point of Mackinac Island. Originally built in 1814 by British forces during the War of 1812, the redoubt was improved by that army throughout the course of the war (1812–1814) to help defend the adjacent Fort Mackinac from a possible attack by the U.S. Army.The British named the redoubt Fort George and reinforced it with cannon, a blockhouse, and a magazine for gunpowder and other munitions. However, Fort Holmes never functioned as an independent military fortification. It was always a dependent outpost of nearby Fort Mackinac.When United States armed forces reoccupied Mackinac Island in 1815 under the terms of the Treaty of Ghent, they took possession of Fort George. They surveyed and measured their prize, which they renamed Fort Holmes in honor of Major Andrew Holmes, a casualty in the 1814 Battle of Mackinac Island. However, the American army soon abandoned Fort Holmes. The earthworks and buildings of the former redoubt slowly eroded and disappeared over the course of more than a century.In 1936, as part of its mission to provide employment through public works projects during the nationwide Great Depression, the Works Progress Administration used the original 1817 American survey to rebuild Fort Holmes to its War of 1812 appearance., however, most of the reconstructed buildings of Fort Holmes had again disappeared, except for the redoubt's earthen walls.
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Fort Holmes Reviews
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TripAdvisor Traveler Rating 4.5
242 reviews
Google
4.7
TripAdvisor
  • We love to take the horses up here to enjoy the views, and check out the "new" historic fort. A must see each summer.  more »
  • It is a small fort, built by the British to protect Fort Mackinac. It has been restored to the 1812 period, I think they did a pretty good job! It is on the highest point of the island, with commandin...  more »
Google
  • Never knew this was even here, after a walk down the Rifle Range Road and up some stairs held a great view of most of the island! The fort was very interesting! There is a outhouse at the top that oddly lacked the smell if an outhouse!
  • Great free fort for anyone who wants to make the trip to the top of the island. Way worth it. So many things to see near by also like sugar loaf and lookout point. I will make sure to make it back to this first next time I'm on the island. Great view too.

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