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Rainbow Falls, Mammoth Lakes

#4 of 13 in Nature in Mammoth Lakes
Waterfall · Nature / Park
Rainbow Falls is the highest waterfall on the Middle Fork of the San Joaquin River, in the eastern Sierra Nevada mountains of California, in the United States. Plunging 101 feet (31 m) to the turbulent water below, the falls are named for the rainbows that appear in their mist on sunny summer days. Rainbow Falls is located within the boundaries of Devils Postpile National Monument.

About 75,000 years ago, lava erupted from a vent just east of the present-day falls. The eruption occurred in two stages. The first pulse of lava flowed about 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) westward and pooled in the Middle Fork of the San Joaquin drainage. The second pulse of lava insulated the first, allowing it to cool slowly and to fracture vertically. The layer above cooled under different conditions and fractured horizontally. Geologists describe these rocks as platy rhyodacite; they are visible in the cliffs that surround Rainbow Falls.
As water rushes over the cliff, it erodes the vertically fractured rhyodacite more easily. A small cavern begins to form at the base of the falls, and the overlying rock loses its support and collapses. This process, known as undercutting, causes the waterfall to recede slowly upstream. To date Rainbow Falls has retreated about 500 feet (150 m) due to undercutting.
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Rainbow Falls reviews

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TripAdvisor traveler rating 4.5
316 reviews
  • There is a fee to get into the general area that you pay at the Department of Forestry shack that is posted there. Parking lot 10 is where you want to head to which is easy to get to since it will be....  more »
  • Amazing hike with great views of the falls and a lovely place to have a snack while you cool off in the water. We started our hike at the Devil's Postpile parking lot. On a Friday morning it was...  more »
  • Such a beautiful waterfall. The hike to the fall is definitely worth it. Make sure to take in the views
  • Cool waterfalls. Pretty easy hike .for a shorter hike back go to reds meadow and get an ice cream or beer. Shuttle can be crowded in July.

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