Rainbow Falls is the highest waterfall on the Middle Fork of the San Joaquin River, in the eastern Sierra Nevada mountains of California, in the United States. Plunging 101 feet (31 m) to the turbulent water below, the falls are named for the rainbows that appear in their mist on sunny summer days. Rainbow Falls is located within the boundaries of Devils Postpile National Monument.Plan your Rainbow Falls visit and explore what else you can see and do in Mammoth Lakes using our Mammoth Lakes attractions planner.
About 75,000 years ago, lava erupted from a vent just east of the present-day falls. The eruption occurred in two stages. The first pulse of lava flowed about 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) westward and pooled in the Middle Fork of the San Joaquin drainage. The second pulse of lava insulated the first, allowing it to cool slowly and to fracture vertically. The layer above cooled under different conditions and fractured horizontally. Geologists describe these rocks as platy rhyodacite; they are visible in the cliffs that surround Rainbow Falls.
As water rushes over the cliff, it erodes the vertically fractured rhyodacite more easily. A small cavern begins to form at the base of the falls, and the overlying rock loses its support and collapses. This process, known as undercutting, causes the waterfall to recede slowly upstream. To date Rainbow Falls has retreated about 500 feet (150 m) due to undercutting.
Rainbow Falls Reviews
With Covid 19, we highly suggest you get to the trailhead parking lot and start your hike well before 8:00am - (There is no shuttle service for the summer of 2020 due to Covid 19). Otherwise, you’ll.... more »
Beautiful short and scenic hike. Nice to see the falls at all angles. Steps now allow you to go to the base of falls. Walk a bit farther to the lower falls during high water season for another aspect.... more »
Such a beautiful waterfall. The hike to the fall is definitely worth it. Make sure to take in the views
Cool waterfalls. Pretty easy hike .for a shorter hike back go to reds meadow and get an ice cream or beer. Shuttle can be crowded in July.
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