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Alabama State Capitol, Montgomery

4.3
#4 of 13 in Museums in Montgomery
Government Building · History Museum
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The Alabama State Capitol, listed on the National Register of Historic Places as the First Confederate Capitol, is the state capitol building for Alabama. Located on Capitol Hill, originally Goat Hill, in Montgomery, it was declared a National Historic Landmark on December 19, 1960. Unlike every other state capitol, the Alabama Legislature does not meet there, but at the Alabama State House. The Capitol has the governor's office and otherwise functions as a museum.
Alabama has had five political capitals and four purpose-built capitol buildings during its history since it was designated as a territory of the United States. The first was the territorial capital in St. Stephens in 1817; the state organizing convention was held in Huntsville in 1819, and the first permanent capital was designated in 1820 as Cahaba. The legislature moved the capital to Tuscaloosa in 1826, where it was housed in a new three-story building. The 1826 State House in Tuscaloosa was later used as Alabama Central Female College. After it burned in 1923, the ruins were retained within Capitol Park.

Finally, in 1846, the capital was moved again, when Montgomery was designated. The first capitol building in Montgomery, located where the current building stands, burned after two years. The current building was completed in 1851, and additional wings were added over the course of the following 140 years. These changes followed the development of greater population in the state, as European-American settlers moved in, often accompanied by their slaves, or purchasing more enslaved African Americans after arrival here. Large parts of the state were developed for King Cotton, and the population spread across it.

The current capitol building temporarily served as the Confederate Capitol while Montgomery served as the first political capital of the Confederate States of America in 1861, before Richmond, Virginia was designated as the capital. Delegates meeting as the Montgomery Convention in the Senate Chamber drew up the Provisional Constitution of the Confederate States on February 4, 1861. The convention also adopted the Permanent Constitution here on March 11, 1861.
In 1964, more than one hundred years later, the third Selma to Montgomery march ended at the front marble staircase of the Capitol, with the marches and events surrounding them directly leading to the Voting Rights Act of 1965.
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Alabama State Capitol reviews

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TripAdvisor traveler rating 4.5
404 reviews
Google
4.6
TripAdvisor
  • We explored the inside of the Alabama State Capitol on a road trip we did recently. It’s a nice historic building and it’s free to enter. The rotunda was one of the highlights with the murals... 
    We explored the inside of the Alabama State Capitol on a road trip we did recently. It’s a nice historic building and it’s free to enter. The rotunda was one of the highlights with the murals...  more »
  • My family and I visited the Alabama State Capitol in Montgomery, AL. It is opened Monday-Friday from 8am-4:30pm. It's closed on Saturday and Sunday. Admission is FREE. There are parking meters on the....  more
    My family and I visited the Alabama State Capitol in Montgomery, AL. It is opened Monday-Friday from 8am-4:30pm. It's closed on Saturday and Sunday. Admission is FREE. There are parking meters on the....  more »
Google
  • It was beautiful. We didn't get to go inside. However, the pristine appearance against a perfectly beautiful sky was gorgeous.
  • Wonderful experience!

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