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Trip Planner: USA / Alabama / Montgomery / Alabama State Capitol
The Alabama State Capitol, listed on the National Register of Historic Places as the First Confederate Capitol, is the state capitol building for Alabama. Located on Capitol Hill, originally Goat Hill, in Montgomery, it was declared a National Historic Landmark on December 19, 1960. Unlike every other state capitol, the Alabama Legislature does not meet there, but at the Alabama State House. The Capitol has the governor's office and otherwise functions as a museum.Arrange to visit Alabama State Capitol and other attractions in Montgomery using our Montgomery trip planning app.
Alabama has had five political capitals and four purpose-built capitol buildings during its history since it was designated as a territory of the United States. The first was the territorial capital in St. Stephens in 1817; the state organizing convention was held in Huntsville in 1819, and the first permanent capital was designated in 1820 as Cahaba. The legislature moved the capital to Tuscaloosa in 1826, where it was housed in a new three-story building. The 1826 State House in Tuscaloosa was later used as Alabama Central Female College. After it burned in 1923, the ruins were retained within Capitol Park.
Finally, in 1846, the capital was moved again, when Montgomery was designated. The first capitol building in Montgomery, located where the current building stands, burned after two years. The current building was completed in 1851, and additional wings were added over the course of the following 140 years. These changes followed population growth in the state as many slave-holding European-American settlers arrived. Large parts of the state were subsequently developed for cotton cultivation.
The current capitol building temporarily served as the Confederate Capitol while Montgomery served as the first political capital of the Confederate States of America in 1861, before Richmond, Virginia was designated as the capital. Delegates meeting as the Montgomery Convention in the Senate Chamber drew up the Provisional Constitution of the Confederate States on February 4, 1861. The convention also adopted the Permanent Constitution here on March 11, 1861.
In 1964, more than one hundred years later, the third (and final) Selma to Montgomery march ended at the front marble staircase of the Capitol, with the protests and events surrounding them directly leading to the Voting Rights Act of 1965.
Alabama State Capitol reviews
The capitol complex and grounds are beautiful to be sure, but they are marred by numerous monuments to the Confederacy, Jefferson Davis, and other “heroes” of the Confederacy (e.g. the Father of...
The capitol complex and grounds are beautiful to be sure, but they are marred by numerous monuments to the Confederacy, Jefferson Davis, and other “heroes” of the Confederacy (e.g. the Father of... more »
Unfortunately, our schedule did not give us time to see the inside of this beautiful Capitol building. All I can say is that if the inside is only half as beautiful as the outside, then it is must...
Unfortunately, our schedule did not give us time to see the inside of this beautiful Capitol building. All I can say is that if the inside is only half as beautiful as the outside, then it is must... more »
We try to visit the State Capital for whatever state we are in. We had a good time at this one. There were cool things to see along with the portrait paintings and the statue room. The greeter was very nice and informative. He showed us around and then we went off and explored on our own. It's a beautiful building with a lot of history. Worth a visit.
The lady during the tour was knowledgeable and answered our questions. The guards in the entrance were polite and helpful. They have a nice gift shop inside too. Some areas were under renovation. Still the place is worth the visit. Outside has beautiful landscape. Plenty of parking area. Not busy when we came. Took a lot of pictures.
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