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Trip Planner USA  /  Wyoming  /  Moorcroft

Moorcroft

4.3
State Parks · History Museums
Moorcroft is a town in Crook County, Wyoming, United States. The population was 1,009 at the 2010 census.HistoryMoorcroft was incorporated on October 2, 1906. The exact meaning of Moorcroft is unknown but over the years has several suggested origins for the name. The town was named in 1876 after Alexander Moorcroft, an early settler who built a cabin in the Black Hills of Wyoming. The name Moorcroft was chosen by the community’s first postman Stocks Millar (1858-1890) after his home town in Scotland. Where the West Texas Trail crosses the highway. Herds of Texas longhorn cattle were pushed through here in the late 1800s giving the town its start, homesteaders came for the free land and Moorcroft was established. The thriving metropolis of Moorcroft had its beginning as a store, a saloon, and a roadhouse by the Belle Fourche River at the mouth of Donkey Creek and was known as LaBelle. LaBelle was located where the Texas Trail crosses Highway 16. In 1891, the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad Company built a railroad through what is now Moorcroft.In the Old Gaelic language, Moorcroft means "Cottage on the Plains". The exact origin of the name Moorcroft is not definitely known. One of the following, or both, is true, as they are both recorded in the Wyoming State Archives and Historical Department:When the post office was moved to the railroad depot, it was named Moorcroft by Stocks Millar, (the first postmaster in the area) who named it after his mother's maiden name, Moorhouse. Instead of naming it Moorhouse, he named it Moorcroft.Another possibility is that Alexander Moorcroft, a physician, had it named after him because he was the first white man to brave the conditions and build his cabin here, in open defiance of the Sioux Indians who inhabited this rangeland about 1890 - 1895.
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