Loess Bluffs National Wildlife Refuge, Mound City

#24 of 54 in Wildlife in Missouri
Must see · Wildlife Area · Nature / Park
Loess Bluffs National Wildlife Refuge (renamed in January 2017 from Squaw Creek National Wildlife Refuge) is a National Wildlife Refuge in northwestern Missouri, United States, established in 1935 by President Franklin D. Roosevelt as a refuge and breeding ground for migratory birds and other wildlife.

The refuge comprises 7,350 acres (30 km2) along the eastern edge of the Missouri River floodplain south of Mound City, Missouri in Holt County, Missouri.

The refuge is bounded by the Loess Hills on the east with a trail going to the top built originally by the Civilian Conservation Corps. The most dramatic moments occur during spring and fall migrations, when the refuge serves as a chokepoint for hundreds of thousands of ducks and geese (particularly snow geese) on the Central Flyway. As many as 475 bald eagles have been sighted on the refuge in the winter. The refuge annually celebrates the eagle visits with "Eagle Days" celebrations. In February 2013, over one million snow geese were counted.
The refuge derived its original name from Squaw Creek, a stream originating about 30 miles (48 km) north at the Bilby Ranch Conservation Area in Nodaway County, Missouri that is dammed to form the reservoirs. The creek is the larger of the two main creeks that feed the refuge and parallels the road on the west. Davis Creek, the next biggest creek, parallels the east side road. They merge with the Little Tarkio Creek just south of the refuge in a man made ditch leading five miles (8 km) to the Missouri River.

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Loess Bluffs National Wildlife Refuge reviews

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61 reviews
  • The auto loop is a must and don’t forget to visit the modern visitors center with the most updated statistics of what is on the refuge! When we went , a thousand trumpeter swans dazzled us, but...  more »
  • love this place eagles are beautiful and come back every year. they have a few mates that stay all year long.  more »
  • Beautiful scenery and plenty of wildlife. Saw snakes swimming, plenty of birds, and even a few river rats. Road was maintained well and the views were gorgeous. Highly recommend on sunny and clear days when you can enjoy the view.
  • Lots of wildlife if you slow down and look. I was there mid week, later in the day, few people there. But I saw lots of pelicans, ducks (or terns?) Many blue herons, and even a pair of otters. It was my first time seeing otters in the wild. Enjoyable day.

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