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Trip Planner USA  /  West Virginia  /  Nitro


Nitro is a city in Kanawha and Putnam counties in the State of West Virginia, along the Kanawha River. The population was 7,178 at the 2010 census. Nitro is a part of the Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH, Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA). As of the 2010 census, the MSA had a population of 287,702. New definitions from February 28, 2013 placed the population at 363,000.Nitro was incorporated in 1932 by Circuit Court.City name originThe name Nitro derives from nitrocellulose, the main ingredient in gunpowder. The Nitro area was to be the American ammunition production facility during World War I. Daniel C. Jackling "supervised the construction and operation" of the plant, which by the time of the armistice "was producing one hundred thousand pounds of high explosives per day."Its name was selected by the United States government because of the establishment there, during World War I, of a large federal plant for the manufacture of explosives. The city is known as "a Living Memorial to World War I."Notable peopleFamous people with ties to the town: Major League Baseball player Lew Burdette was born in Nitro in 1926. Country singer Kathy Mattea, who grew up in nearby Cross Lanes, is a graduate of Nitro High School. J. R. House, who played for several MLB teams in the early 2000s, was a record-setting quarterback at Nitro High from 1996 through 1998. Actor Clark Gable worked at "Explosive Plant C" in Nitro in 1918 Major League Baseball, Hall of Famer, Harold "Pie" Traynor, worked at "Explosive Plant C" in Nitro in 1918.
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