The Great Serpent Mound is a 1348ft-long, three-foot-high prehistoric effigy mound on a plateau of the Serpent Mound crater along Ohio Brush Creek in Adams County, Ohio. Maintained within a park by the Ohio History Connection, it has been designated a National Historic Landmark by the United States Department of Interior. The Serpent Mound of Ohio was first reported from surveys by Ephraim Squire and Edwin Davis in their historic volume Ancient Monuments of the Mississippi Valley, published in 1848 by the newly founded Smithsonian Museum.Researchers have attributed construction of the mound to three different prehistoric indigenous cultures. Originally thought to be Adena in origin, a 1996 carbon dating study led scholars to believe the mound was built by members of the Fort Ancient culture around 1070 CE. Most recent dating places the mound at around 300 BCE, once again suggesting Adena construction. Serpent Mound is the largest serpent effigy in the world.DescriptionIncluding all three parts, the Serpent Mound extends about 1376ft, and varies in height from less than a foot to more than three feet . Conforming to the curve of the land on which it rests, with its head approaching a cliff above a stream, the serpent winds back and forth for more than eight hundred feet and seven coils, and ends in a triple-coiled tail. The serpent head has an open mouth extending around the east end of a 120ft-long hollow oval feature that may represent the snake eating an egg, though some scholars posit that the oval feature symbolizes the sun, the body of a frog, or merely the remnant of a platform. The effigy's extreme western feature is a triangular mound approximately 31.6ft at its base and long axis. There are serpent effigies in Scotland and Ontario that are very similar.Add Serpent Mound to your Peebles travel itinerary, and discover new vacation ideas by using our Peebles trip planner.
Serpent Mound Reviews
It's such a unique site, and part of the American landscape so many are unaware. There are many many mounds in the US, but not too many effigy - in the shape of an animal. It is known a Native... more »
Although it was Closed Today Due to the Covid 19 , I Have Been there a Few times and It is Not about the Destination , It's the Ride , And it is A Beautiful Place to Visit , I Highly Recommend !!! more »
This place was never really on my radar, but I’m very glad I stopped in. Pretty grounds with picnic tables and groomed paths to walk on as you observe the mound. The mound is beautiful and the historical feature itself is quite fascinating. There is a tall platform with steps to climb that overlooks a good portion of the mound. Ample restrooms, friendly staff and a small store and museum with reasonably priced merchandise. Definitely worth checking out.
The Serpent Mound Historical Site is the largest effigy mound in the world, about 1,400 feet long. An effigy mound is a giant earthen sculpture used as a shrine to honor the powerful spirit it represents. This mound represents the Great Serpent who was the Lord of the World Below — a world beneath the surface of the earth! In the traditions of the American-Indian tribes, the people call upon the Great Serpent for the power to cure illness or be successful in animal hunting.
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