The Great Serpent Mound is a 1348ft-long, three-foot-high prehistoric effigy mound on a plateau of the Serpent Mound crater along Ohio Brush Creek in Adams County, Ohio. Maintained within a park by the Ohio History Connection, it has been designated a National Historic Landmark by the United States Department of Interior. The Serpent Mound of Ohio was first reported from surveys by Ephraim Squire and Edwin Davis in their historic volume Ancient Monuments of the Mississippi Valley, published in 1848 by the newly founded Smithsonian Museum.Researchers have attributed construction of the mound to three different prehistoric indigenous cultures. Originally thought to be Adena in origin, a 1996 carbon dating study led scholars to believe the mound was built by members of the Fort Ancient culture around 1070 CE. Most recent dating places the mound at around 300 BCE, once again suggesting Adena construction. Serpent Mound is the largest serpent effigy in the world.DescriptionIncluding all three parts, the Serpent Mound extends about 1376ft, and varies in height from less than a foot to more than three feet . Conforming to the curve of the land on which it rests, with its head approaching a cliff above a stream, the serpent winds back and forth for more than eight hundred feet and seven coils, and ends in a triple-coiled tail. The serpent head has an open mouth extending around the east end of a 120ft-long hollow oval feature that may represent the snake eating an egg, though some scholars posit that the oval feature symbolizes the sun, the body of a frog, or merely the remnant of a platform. The effigy's extreme western feature is a triangular mound approximately 31.6ft at its base and long axis. There are serpent effigies in Scotland and Ontario that are very similar.Add Serpent Mound to your Peebles travel itinerary, and discover new vacation ideas by using our Peebles trip planner.
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Serpent Mound reviews
We visited on Summer Solstice. The serpent's head faces the sun on solstice and it is a special time for Native Americans today and their ancestors of many years ago. There is a tower to climb for...
We visited on Summer Solstice. The serpent's head faces the sun on solstice and it is a special time for Native Americans today and their ancestors of many years ago. There is a tower to climb for... more »
Enjoyed a hike around the mounds with teens and dogs. Amazing history right done some country roads.
Enjoyed a hike around the mounds with teens and dogs. Amazing history right done some country roads. more »
Visited on a weekday and off season. Lots of interesting history here and plenty of informative placards throughout to keep yo informed. Be sure to stop in the museum. The park is about about 15 miles south of Hillboro Ohio on State Route 73 in Ohio. In season there is a small entry fee. Don't let that stop you. It's an interesting trip back in time.
Being one of the oldest known historical artifacts in the area (age estimates range from about 1000 to over 2000 years-old), you have to go at least once. Spring and summer are the most ideal times to visit as the museum and nature trail are opened. And the park is fairly small, so expect to spend 60 to 90 minutes-give or take.
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