Port Gibson, Mississippi, Port Gibson

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#352 of 528 in Things to do in Mississippi
Landmark · Hidden Gem · Tourist Spot
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Port Gibson is a city in Claiborne County, Mississippi, United States. The population was 1,567 at the 2010 census. Port Gibson is the county seat of Claiborne County, which is bordered on the west by the Mississippi River. It is the site of the Claiborne County Courthouse.

The first European settlers in Port Gibson were French colonists in 1729; it was part of their La Louisiane. After the United States acquired the territory from France in 1803 in the Louisiana Purchase, the town was chartered that same year. To develop cotton plantations in the area after Indian Removal of the 1830s, planters who moved to the state brought with them or imported thousands of enslaved African Americans from the Upper South, disrupting many families. Well before the Civil War, the majority of the county's population were enslaved blacks.

Several notable people are natives of Port Gibson. The town saw action during the American Civil War. Port Gibson has several historical sites listed on the National Register of Historic Places (National Register of Historic Places listings in Claiborne County, Mississippi).

In the twentieth century, Port Gibson was home to The Rabbit's Foot Company. It had a substantial role in the development of blues in Mississippi, operating taverns and juke joints now included on the Mississippi Blues Trail.

With the decline in agricultural jobs since the late twentieth century, because of industrial agriculture, and a lack of other jobs, the city and surrounding rural county have suffered from reduced population and long-term poverty. The peak of population in the city was in 1950. The last major employer, the Port Gibson Oil Works, a cottonseed mill, closed in 2002.
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  • All you need to know about Port Gibson, Mississippi, is that General Ulysses S. Grant said the town was too beautiful to burn. Grant made that statement in 1863, when his Union Army was en route to... 
    All you need to know about Port Gibson, Mississippi, is that General Ulysses S. Grant said the town was too beautiful to burn. Grant made that statement in 1863, when his Union Army was en route to...  more »
  • The town of Port Gibson is quite small but it is part of the great Mississippi River Road Drive, and it has the novelty of the First Presbyterian Church with its well-known steeple. The nearby Grand.....  more
    The town of Port Gibson is quite small but it is part of the great Mississippi River Road Drive, and it has the novelty of the First Presbyterian Church with its well-known steeple. The nearby Grand.....  more »

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