Sebastopol House State Historic Site, Seguin

4.6
#4 of 12 in Things to do in Seguin
History Museum · Hidden Gem · Museum
Sebastopol House Historic Site is an antebellum Greek Revival house built of concrete, located in Seguin, Texas, United States. Joshua W. Young built it between 1854 and 1856 for his sister, Catherine LeGette. Today Sebastopol is one of some 20 surviving buildings that give Seguin the largest concentration of early 19th century structures in the U.S.
As a result of its unusual concrete construction, Sebastopol House was included in the Historic American Buildings Survey (H.A.B.S.) in 1936, made a Registered Texas Historical Landmark in 1964, and then listed on the National Register of Historic Places on August 25, 1970. It is a prime example of the limecrete structures of Seguin. The house is constructed entirely of unreinforced cast-in-place concrete and it is one of the oldest and largest structures in the state using this building method.
This process was developed and patented by doctor and chemist John Park, who had moved to Seguin in 1846. But he soon had imitators and competitors, contractors like Joshua Young. Often slaves did the hard physical work, using boards to build forms, kept at the right width (12 to 18 inches) by screws and oak spacers when the limecrete mixture was poured into the forms, and allowed to harden. Then the forms were raised another foot or so and the process repeated.
A large part of the "Park's concrete" mix was caliche, a thick deposit of gravelly clay that underlies Seguin. Usually the caliche was dug out on site, providing a basement level, as at Sebastopol. The caliche was then mixed with sand, lime made from nearby limestone deposits, and organic materials like straw or horsehair. The exterior walls were usually whitewashed, and the interiors often had woodwork or wainscoting of local walnut, oak or pecan.
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Sebastopol House State Historic Site reviews

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TripAdvisor traveler rating 4.5
42 reviews
Google
4.7
TripAdvisor
  • The tour took an hour and it was well worth it if you enjoy historical houses. The tour guide was very knowledgeable, and the early use of concrete along with using the roof to store water was...  more »
  • I didn't know that yours were at the top of the hour so missed about half. Nonetheless it was very interesting. Surprising amount of great details. A must for anyone who likes history.  more »
Google
  • I do apologize, but I cannot remember our guide's name. Very informative!. Since I enjoy history, this was a fantastic trip. When you go, expect to be there for about two hours. Worth the trip
  • Mr Robert Grey was our docent.The limecrete home reflects events for about 200 years until the present time.His stories can be amusing and in depth or more or appealing to guest interests. I came away feeling more kinship and appreciation for this part of Texas

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