Mission San Francisco Solano was the 21st, last and northernmost mission in Alta California. It was the only mission built in Alta California after Mexico gained independence from Spain. The difficulty of its beginning demonstrates the confusion resulting from that change in governance. The California Governor wanted a robust Mexican presence on the Pacific coast from moving further inland. A young Franciscan friar from Mission San Francisco de Asis wanted to move to a location with a better climate and access to a larger number of potential converts.The Mission was successful given its short eleven year life but was smaller in number of converts and with lower productivity and diversity of industries than the older California missions.The mission building is now part of the Sonoma State Historic Park and is located in the city of Sonoma, California.History north of the [[San Francisco Bay]] to keep the [[Russian-American Company|Russians]] who had established FortFr. José Altimira age 33, arrived from Barcelona, Spain to serve at Mission San Francisco de Asís. The mission was not thriving because of its climate and had established a medical asistencia ("sub-mission") in San Rafael to help the mission’s ill neophytes (baptized Native Americans) recover their health. California Governor Luis Argüello was interested in blocking the Russians at Bodega Bay and Fort Ross from moving further inland. Together they developed and presented to the party church authorities and the territory (legislature) a plan for moving Mission San Francisco de Asís and the San Rafael asistencia to a new location north of the Bay. The legislature approved but the church authorities did not respond (they had forwarded the plan to their superiors in Mexico). Under the old Spanish regime, founding a new mission required the approval of both New Spain's Bishop and the King’s Viceroy.Make Mission San Francisco Solano a part of your Sonoma vacation plans using our Sonoma online travel route planner .
Mission San Francisco Solano Reviews
This mission was disappointing in that it was the last mission. Literally, the end of the trail. The guides were helpful and interesting. The state has taken it over and is no longer an active church,... more »
This mission s worth spending the 6.00 dollars to visit along with the barracks and the gardens. Third time and I never get tired. more »
This was very interesting.. learned history I wasn't aware of. Liked seeing the exposed mud wall. A pleasant walk to the other buildings in the area that were all apart of the same state park
Not a lot to see, but historically important as the last mission on the el camino real. Part of the town history too and a cute town.
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