Brown v. Board of Education National Historical Park, Topeka

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Historic Site · Landmark
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Brown v. Board of Education National Historical Park was established in Topeka, Kansas, on October 26, 1992, by the United States Congress to commemorate the landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court in the case Brown v. Board of Education aimed at ending racial segregation in public schools. On May 17, 1954, the Supreme Court unanimously declared that "separate educational facilities are inherently unequal" and, as such, violated the 14th Amendment to the United States Constitution, which guarantees all citizens "equal protection of the laws."

The National Historical Park consists of Monroe Elementary School, one of the four segregated elementary schools for African American children in Topeka, and the adjacent grounds. It was originally known as Brown v. Board of Education National Historic Site until it was redesignated and expanded on May 13, 2022. The Park will also include Summerton High School and Scott’s Branch High School in Summerton, South Carolina, upon acquisition of property. Five additional schools were authorized as affiliated areas of the National Park Service: Robert Russa Moton School in Farmville, Virginia; Howard High School in Wilmington, Delaware; Claymont High School in Claymont, Delaware; Hockessin Colored School #107 in Hockessin, Delaware; and John Philip Sousa Junior High School in Washington, D.C. The National Park Service will not own these sites but will provide financial and technical assistance to exhibit their history.
The Brown v. Board of Education case was consolidated with four other cases on school segregation: Briggs v. Elliott (filed in South Carolina), Davis v. County School Board of Prince Edward County (filed in Virginia), Gebhart v. Belton (filed in Delaware), and Bolling v. Sharpe (filed in Washington, D.C.). Inclusion of the history of these schools will show a broader story of educational racism and the legal fight against it.

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Brown v. Board of Education National Historical Park reviews

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TripAdvisor traveler rating 4.5
338 reviews
Google
4.8
TripAdvisor
  • Educational. Informative. Unbiased. This National Park location is worth stopping by. Many displays, videos and a gift shop with topic specific material. 
    Educational. Informative. Unbiased. This National Park location is worth stopping by. Many displays, videos and a gift shop with topic specific material.  more »
  • I was on my way from Abilene to Kansas City, so I stopped here and by the Kansas state Capitol. This is the school at the epicenter of Brown v. Board of Education, one of the lawsuits initiated by... 
    I was on my way from Abilene to Kansas City, so I stopped here and by the Kansas state Capitol. This is the school at the epicenter of Brown v. Board of Education, one of the lawsuits initiated by...  more »
Google
  • An incredible experience. The young man who who was giving information was very knowledgeable and personable. It's not a huge museum so even if you're just traveling through it's a great stop. As a teacher would also highly recommend taking students there.
  • Best rangers out of all the national parks and landmarks we have been to. Hands down a great place for some hands on learning partnered with great visual tellings and representations of history! Thank you to our ranger for making our little guy a Jr ranger and speaking about the fights in the past and in the future with him among all four of the big fights. It was cool to see and hear and such discussion needs to be fostered

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