First Peoples Buffalo Jump State Park, Ulm

#23 of 51 in Historic Sites in Montana
Must see · Historic Site · Nature / Park
First Peoples Buffalo Jump State Park is a Montana state park and National Historic Landmark in Cascade County, Montana in the United States. The park is 1,481 acres (599 ha) and sits at an elevation of 3,773 feet (1,150 m).

It is located about 3.5 miles (5.6 km) northwest of the small town of Ulm, which is near the city of Great Falls. First Peoples Buffalo Jump State Park contains the Ulm Pishkun (also known as the Ulm Buffalo Jump), a historic buffalo jump utilized by the Native American tribes of North America.

It has been described as, geographically speaking, either North America's largest buffalo jump or the world's largest. There is some evidence that it was the most utilized buffalo jump in the world. The site was added to the National Register of Historic Places on December 17, 1974, and designated a National Historic Landmark in August 2015. The former name of the park was derived from the Blackfeet word "Pis'kun," meaning "deep kettle of blood," and the nearby town of Ulm.
Although there are more than 300 buffalo kill sites in Montana, First People's Buffalo Jump is one of only three protected buffalo jumps in the state. The other two are Madison Buffalo Jump near Three Forks, and Wahkpa Chu'gn near Havre, both of which are also on the National Register of Historic Places. It may be the largest bison cliff jump in North America.
Plan to visit First Peoples Buffalo Jump State Park during your Ulm vacation using our convenient Ulm online visit planner.
Create an itinerary including First Peoples Buffalo Jump State Park
© OpenMapTiles © OpenStreetMap contributors

First Peoples Buffalo Jump State Park reviews

Rate this attraction
TripAdvisor traveler rating
TripAdvisor traveler rating 4.5
87 reviews
  • The young gal at the desk was so friendly and helpful. She clearly enjoyed her job and enjoyed sharing what she knew with us. We really appreciated her enthusiasm and her knowledge! The displays and....  more »
  • The people were very helpful in keeping you informed,the gift shop was well supplied with local mt books and nic nacs. Ask to see the bull snake!!! Will return to walk the 3 1/2 mile trail or bike...  more »
  • We were spending a few nights in Great Falls on our way to Alaska and had to get some parts at a local RV shop. Fortunately for us, we missed our exit and had to drive to Ulm to do a legal U-Turn. As we exit the highway I see the sign to First Peoples Buffalo Jump State Park. Interesting name so we decided to visit. So glad we did; the young receptionist was very helpful and after talking with her and two Park Rangers we decided to tour the facility and site. What a piece of history we knew nothing about. Fascinating and then taking the drive to the cliffs I couldn't imagine running ahead of a herd of buffalo and at the last minute jumping over the edge to safety. This park is definitely worth a visit. Make the time.
  • The museum and gift shop were quite interesting. It was cool to be told, "Please, touch" instead of, "Don't touch." While the building itself is not right by the jump site, you can drive to the top of the cliff to look out over. If you want to see the bottom of the jump site, be prepared for a few miles of trail hiking or bike riding from the museum.

Plan your trip to Ulm

  • Get a personalized trip
    A complete day by day itinerary
    based on your preferences
  • Customize it
    Refine your trip. We'll find the
    best routes and schedules
  • Manage it
    Everything in one place.
    Everyone on the same page.