Construction began in the summer of 1858 on what was then to be a new Court House for Warren County. The building is perched on one of the highest hills in Vicksburg on land given by the family of the city’s founder, Newitt Vick. Contractors were the Weldon Brothers of Rodney, Mississippi, who used 100 highly skilled slave artisans to make the brick and erect the building, which was completed in 1860 for a cost of $100,000. The building stands as an architectural gem and was named one of the 20 most outstanding courthouses in America by the American Institute of Architects. Four porticos, supported by 30 foot Ionic columns flank the entrances. The courtroom on the second floor features a cast iron judge’s dias and railings, and an intricate iron stairway connects the first and second floors.Use our Vicksburg trip maker app to arrange your visit to Old Court House Museum - Eva W. Davis Memorial and other attractions in Vicksburg.
Original iron doors and shutters remain on the building.
On the grounds a local planter, Jefferson Davis, launched his political career. Several years later, during the War Between the States, Confederate Generals Stephen D. Lee, John C. Breckinridge, and Earl Van Dorn watched from the cupola as the Confederate ironclad Arkansas battled its way through the federal fleet to safety at Vicksburg. During the War, the building was the target of much union shelling but suffered only one major hit. It was here on July 4, 1863 that the Stars and Bars were lowered and the Stars and Stripes were raised as General U S Grant reviewed his victorious army.
After surviving Union shelling, a direct hit by a tornado in 1953, and years of neglect, the building was again in danger. With the construction of a new Warren County Court House in 1939, the building stood practically vacant and there was talk of its demolition.
The museums founder, Mrs. Eva Whitaker Davis, realized the significance of the building and establish the Vicksburg and Warren County Historical Society for the purpose of preserving the structure. In 1947 she was elected president of the society and with the help of a few volunteers began cleaning the building and collecting artifacts. On June 3, 1948 the museum opened its doors, where she continued to work on a volunteer basis for many years.
A grateful public added the name Eva W Davis memorial to that of the building several years before her death in 1974. The building was named a national historic landmark in 1968. The museum is still operated and maintained by the Vicksburg and Warren County Historical Society.
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Old Court House Museum - Eva W. Davis Memorial reviews
This was our favorite thing to see in Vicksburg and Natchez. There is so much to see, and it is displayed well. I wish I could go back!
This was our favorite thing to see in Vicksburg and Natchez. There is so much to see, and it is displayed well. I wish I could go back! more »
2 floors of rooms filled with artifacts of Civil War items and other relics. Very informative displays. Recommend! The court room upstairs is unique.
2 floors of rooms filled with artifacts of Civil War items and other relics. Very informative displays. Recommend! The court room upstairs is unique. more »
Please don't miss the opportunity to visit this museum! I've learned and saw so much real history about Vicksburg. It was awesome. Not to mention the sweet lady who runs the museum has the best southern hospitality. My favorite was the famous courtroom upstairs and also the Teddy Bear sent from President Roosevelt to Vicksburg.
Was a nice museum with a wide variety of exhibits (but most of it civil war era stuff). Nice gift shop, though not sure how I feel that they are selling antiques/real historical artifacts in it. I know they have to help support and fund the museum, but as a historian it kind of rubbed me the wrong way. As there was no information to say how they came into possession of each item (bought, donated, etc.) and if they were donated if the donors were ok with them being put up for sale (I know many museums can get over run with items and multiple duplicates, and have no where to go with them). Plus many of the artifacts (civil war bullets, cannon balls,etc.) were found in the local area, so the question is whether or not they should really leave the area.
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